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Israel–Croatia Joint Issue

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About Israel–Croatia Joint Issue

In 2017, Israel and Croatia mark 20 years of diplomatic relations. The goal is to strengthen friendly relations between the two countries. We have seen ups and downs in the past, but now are moving forward positively. Croatia - a new member of the European Union that has also not had an easy or short experience concerning its national development, well understands now the needs and challenges of the State of Israel and Israel is well aware of the challenges that Croatia faces as a member of the European Union.

Over the past two decades, since the establishment of relations, and especially in recent years, the cooperation between the two countries has intensified in the fields of agriculture, cyber, technology and innovation. Cooperation in the field of Homeland Security has also become very important in our bilateral relations.

Every year many Israeli tourists visit Croatia, a beautiful country located on the Adriatic, which excels in tourism, whilstgroupsofpilgrimsfromCroatiavisitIsrael. Tourism has a great potential for development.

I hope that the relations between our two countries, which have recently gained momentum, will continue to develop for the splendor of Israel and Croatia.

Zina Kalay-Kleitman

Israeli Ambassador to Croatia

Crown Anemone (Anemone coronaria)
From the moment the first Anemones bloom, it is impossible to ignore them, even from a distance. Anemones face the sun and follow it throughout the day. This flower acts like a concave mirror, concentrating the sun's rays and warming the stamens and stigmas at its center to as much as ten degrees above the temperature in the surrounding area. This heat speeds up the germination of the pollen grains, thus reducing the chance that they will be washed away by rain.
In many places the Crown Anemone blooms in numerous different colors, mainly white, blue and purple, in addition to red. All have the same fragrance.
Surprisingly, the wind is responsible for most of the pollination and all of Israel's Crown Anemones belong to a single genetic population, with no significant differences. In the Southern part of the country grow only red flowers, which are more resistant to the drier conditions.

Croatian Iris (Iris croatica Prodán)
The only place in the world in which the Croatian Iris grows is on the forested limestone hills in western Croatia. It was not defined scientifically until 1962 and by 2000 it was declared by the Croatian Academy of Arts and Science as Croatia's national flower. This plant is known as Perunika in honor of Perun, the highest god of the pantheon and god of thunder and Lightning in Slavic mythology. Legend has it that Perunika only grows where lightning has struck the ground. A special folk dancing festival named for the Iris is held in May, when the flowers bloom. The Croatian Iris is used to create especially beautiful hybrids with other iris species and its beauty and resistance make it a popular garden plant.
The rhizomes contain essential oils and fragrant resins. Powder prepared from the rhizome is used in folk medicine, as well as in the preparation of perfumes and for other cosmetic purposes.