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Austrian inventions - Set

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Technical details
  • 22.01.2018
  • David Gruber
  • Joh. Enschedé Stamps B. V.
  • Offset Printing
  • 31,8 x 50 mm
  • €0.80
Thematics
About Austrian inventions

Michael Thonet was born in 1796 in Boppard am Rhein. As an independent cabinet maker he soon began to expe- riment with making furniture from bent wood. The wooden components for his bentwood furniture were boiled, then bent into the required shape using a bending form and glued together, a process which he continuously impro- ved. In 1836 he invented the “Bopparder Schichtholzstuhl” (Boppard layerwood chair), which earned him his rst success. Gebrüder Thonet in Vienna Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metter- nich, whom Thonet met in 1841 at the World Fair brought him to Vienna, where he presented his designs at the impe- rial court and was granted a patent. A short time later he and his family moved to Vienna, where he, together with his ve sons, founded their own company: Gebrüder Thonet. At The Great Exhibi- tion in London in 1851 Thonet showed his bentwood furniture off to an inter- national public, and this earned him his breakthrough. The company expanded repeatedly and in 1857 moved into a new works in Korycˇ any in Moravia. In 1859 Thonet designed his legendary chair model no. 14 (nowadays 214) from solid beech, for which he was awarded a gold medal at the World Fair in Paris in 1867. This Viennese coffee house chair has become a design icon and is consi- dered the most proli c chair in the world: by 1930 over 50 million had been ma- nufactured. What was special about the chair was that it could be dismantled into individual components and could thus be put together easily from pre-construc- ted parts. This made it perfect for mass consumption and for export around the world. Another successful design by Thonet is for example his chair model no. 4, which is the chair depicted on the commemorative stamp. Michael Thonet died in 1871. He is bu- ried in a family vault in Vienna’s Zentral- friedhof. Nowadays Thonet GmbH is head-quartered in Frankenberg in Ger- many; descendants of Michael Thonet are still actively involved in the company to this day.

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