Ephemerides - Madrid Protocol on Antarctica 1998-2018 - Set
Ephemerides - Madrid Protocol on Antarctica 1998-2018 - Set for only GBP £1.37
In 1991, the Protocol to the Antarctic Treaty on Environmental Protection was signed in Madrid. This treaty was born to reinforce the Antarctic Treaty System and the need to increase the protection of the environment on the other side of the world. In this agreement, it is established that Antarctica is considered a natural reserve "dedicated to peace and science". Seven years later, on January 14, 1998, it would enter into force for the 28 countries that had signed it and, over the years, until 2015, it has been ratified by nine other countries. Its main purpose is to protect this part of the world above all things, for its environmental value and also, its value as an area to conduct scientific research and thus better understand the global environment. It establishes the manner in which all member states must ensure the safety of the area, how they must respond to catastrophes or in cases of emergency. Also, they must control tourism so that it is not harmful to the special environment of the Antarctic continent. The seal that is issued commemorates the entry into force of the also known as Madrid Protocol. A blue background represents the oceans that surround the continent. In the center, the image of Antarctica is surrounded by a composition of all the flags of the countries that participate in this treaty. From the silhouette of the continent come rays that recall the emblem adopted by the Antarctic Treaty in 2002. The Spanish flag appears in a corner of the seal, as well as the dates 1998-2018. This Treaty is very important because of all that it means. Thanks to this protection, many investigations are carried out in extreme conditions, but at the same time special and fundamental to achieve great results. Spain has two permanent bases in this remote area of the world, in which numerous projects are developed. We refer to the Juan Carlos I Antarctic Base and the Gabriel de Castilla Antarctic Base.