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Transportation 2020 - Souvenir Sheet

Souvenir Sheet
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  • 26.06.2020
About Transportation 2020

There were no paved roads in Eretz Israel until the mid 19th century, so travelers had to walk or ride pack animals. Construction of the road between Ja a and Jerusalem began in 1860. When completed, carriage travel was nally feasible in Eretz Israel. The Austrian postal service was among the rst to take advantage of this new mode of transportation, utilizing a special carriage to carry mail from Europe when it arrived at Ja a Port.

In addition to new roads, other means of land, sea and air transportation started to develop as well: steamships from Europe began to dock in Eretz Israel regularly; the railway between Ja a and Jerusalem was completed in 1892; the Valley Railway was completed in 1905; and in 1913 the rst airplanes landed in Eretz Israel.

Signi cant resources were invested in improving the transportation in Eretz Israel during WWI. As part of the war e ort, the Turkish military built a network of railway lines connecting the northern region to the Negev and Sinai deserts in the south. The warring parties built landing strips so they could operate ghter planes, thus creating the initial infrastructure for aviation in Eretz Israel.

During the British Mandate, transportation in Eretz Israel developed at an unprecedented rate. Many new roads were paved in previously inaccessible areas. The railway network was expanded and connected to adjacent countries, making it possible to travel by train from Europe to Africa via Eretz Israel. Haifa Port was built as an international port, serving the entire Middle East and allowing the development of local shipping companies. The main airport in Lod, as well as other airports such as Sde Dov in Tel Aviv and the Haifa Airport, led to the development of air transport.

When the State of Israel was established in 1948, the rail connection with neighboring countries was severed, and transportation development focused inward, mainly on roads. In addition to constructing a network of new roads to access the many new towns established throughout the country, a local car manufacturing plant was founded. Great e orts were also made to develop military means at sea and in the air, including planes and submarines, which required a broad infrastructure of suitable air and sea ports.

In recent years, a cycling culture has developed in Israel, both for sport and recreation as well as a means of daily transportation in cities. This simple and convenient solution completes the array of advanced modern transportation options currently available to the Israeli public, allowing people to reach anywhere in the country and the world quickly and comfortably.

Postal Vehicles in Eretz Israel (2013)

These three stamps, which were issued as part of a commemorative stamp sheet, re ect the great development of postal transport vehicles in Eretz Israel. From the horse-drawn carriage that was operated by the Austrian Post in the mid-19th century to transport items between Ja a and Jerusalem, via the mail sorting train car utilized during the British Mandate to the Israel Post’s international airmail.

100 Years of Aviation in Eretz Israel (2013)

In 1913, a Bleriot XI monoplane landed north of Ja a, marking the start of the aviation age in Eretz Israel. The other two stamps in the series re ect the development of the aircraft industry

in the State of Israel, from the French Fouga Magister jet-engine aircraft which was upgraded by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and manufactured under its new name IAI Zukit, to Israel’s leading position in the worldwide eld of unmanned aerial vehicles development.

The Valley Railway (2011)

In the early 20th century, the Turks built a new branch of the Hejaz Railway running between Damascus and Mecca through the Jezreel Valley to Haifa Port. This section of the rail line, called the Valley Railway (Rakevet HaEmek), contributed greatly to the development of the Jewish Yishuv in the Jezreel Valley at that time.

WWI in Eretz Israel – Centennial, the Military Railway (2015)

At the start of World War I, the Turkish Army prepared to ght the British, who ruled in Egypt. A railway system was built in Eretz Israel to transport large Ottoman military forces and their vast amounts of equipment to the Sinai Peninsula. These lines served as the base for the railway infrastructure in Eretz Israel, and some of them are still utilized today.

WWI in Eretz Israel – Centennial, Aerial Warfare (2016)

As part of the Allied war e ort in World War I, ghter planes, reconnaissance aircraft and bombers were brought to Eretz Israel. Temporary air elds and landing strips were built for both German and British air squadrons, some of which still serve aviation in Israel to this day.

The Renaissance of Jewish Shipping (2012)

The economic conditions during the British Mandate and construction of the modern ports in Haifa, Ja a and Tel Aviv facilitated the development of civilian shipping. A number of Jewish entrepreneurs and seamen founded shipping companies, acquired ships and established maritime trade lines between Eretz Israel and Mediterranean countries. Alongside the trade activities, maritime schools were opened to train professional seamen.

70 Years of Civil Aviation in Israel (2018)

El Al, Israel’s national airline was founded approximately one year after the establishment of the State of Israel. The company’s rst ight brought President Chaim Weizmann back to Israel from Geneva. Over the years, El Al has taken part in many of Israel’s Aliyah and intelligence operations. Along with its national activities, the company has provided the foundation for training personnel and creating aviation links between Israel and the world.

Israel’s Automotive Industry (2014)

The rst attempt to establish an automobile assembly plant in Eretz Israel was made during the British Mandate period. Later, during the first years of the State of Israel, three companies were founded to assemble and manufacture cars, as a way to develop the Israeli automotive industry. Despite the commercial failure of these factories, which were private initiatives that received government aide through subsidies and tax breaks, they developed and manufactured a number of cars that were an important part of the Israeli transportation landscape at that time.

Submarines in Israel (2017)

The security needs of the young State of Israel led decision makers to acquire and operate submarines as part of the Israeli Navy. The rst submarines were purchased in 1959. Since then, Israel has become very experienced in planning and operating these complex and sophisticated marine crafts in the eld.

Bell AH-1 Cobra -The First Attack Helicopter in the Israeli Air Force (2015)

In 1975, as part of the lessons learned from the Yom Kippur War, the Israeli Air Force began operating attack helicopters designed to provide immediate assistance to forces maneuvering on the ground. In the years since, the IDF Air Force has increased its expertise in operating these complex aircraft and Israeli industry has developed a number of unique improvements to enhance the capabilities of Israel’s attack helicopters.

Cycling in Israel (2019)

Alongside mechanized vehicles, bicycles have always served as an inexpensive and simple way for many Israelis to get from one place to another as part of their daily routines. In recent years however, bicycles have also become more than just a useful mode of transportation and for many they are a form of exercise and a recreational pastime that allows them to get out into nature or participate in challenging sports events at varying levels.