Romfilatelia resumes the philatelic themes dedicated to Romanian and universal art through the postage stamp issue Art Reproductions, illustrating four masterpieces belonging to the Romanian painter Gheorghe Tattarescu (1820-1894) and French sculptor Auguste Rodin (1840-1917).Painting and sculpture, two of the fine arts, have represented since ancient times expressions of the way the mind and the soul saw and imagined the world.
Romanian painter, a pioneer of Neoclassicism in Romanian painting, Gheorghe Tattarescu, whose 195-year birthday anniversary is celebrated this year, studied painting at the School of painters in Buzau, then got a scholarship that allowed him to study at the Academy of San Luca in Rome (Italy). Under his teachers’ guidance, he was formed in the spirit of Italian Academic Art. Tattarescu participated in the Revolution of 1848, painting the portraits of famous revolutionaries. The ideal of national liberation and the building of a modern Romania is transposed into allegorical compositions with revolutionary subject (Rebirth of Romania, 1849) or patriotic theme (Union of the Principalities, 1857). In 1860 he made a National album, having thus the opportunity to assert himself as a landscapist. His landscapes are characterized by discrete romantic accents.
Most of his artistic work was devoted to religious art, developing a personal style influenced by Italian Academic art. In the period 1853 - 1892, with the help of his students, he painted over 50 churches in the Neoclassical spirit. Along with Theodor Aman, he co-founded, in 1864, the School of Fine Arts in Bucharest.
The stamp with the face value of lei 3.10 depicts the painting Hagar in the Desert, oil on canvas, realised in Neoclassical style, while the stamp with the face value of lei 3.50 reproduces the painting Girl with Tambourine, oil on canvas, characteristic to Neoclassicism.
For Auguste Rodin, whose 175-year birthday anniversary is celebrated this year, “Art is contemplation. It is the pleasure of the mind which searches into nature and which there divines the spirit of which nature herself is animated.” Rodin’s artistic career began with paintings of nature and lithographs, and then, after some trips to Italy, he turned increasingly to sculpture. Between 1879-1882, he worked in the manufactures of Sèvres, and in 1880, opened his own workshop in the marble deposit in Paris, which he would keep until his death. He became a founding member of the National Society of Fine Arts.
At a time when the interest for movement and accurate recording of sensations led to the Impressionist painting, Rodin aims to revolutionize the language of sculpture, and thus expose the human truth beyond academic clichés. The dynamic principle refers to what he called the “illusion of life, that verisimilitude of creation (The walking man, The Thinker, Eve).
The stamp with the face value of lei 4.50 reproduces the sculpture The kiss, and the stamp with the face value of lei 14.50 illustrates the work The Spring.