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Myths and Flora - Goddess Athena and Olive

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About Myths and Flora - Goddess Athena and Olive

Despite having a beautiful court on the island of Euboea, decorated with various marine treasures, the sea god Poseidon was displeased. He wanted to rule the city whose protector was Athena, the wisest daughter of Zeus. He suggested that they face each other in a duel, but she suggested a peaceful competition. The winner will be the one who gives the most useful gift to the citizens of Athens. Poseidon struck the ground with his trident and a spring formed in that spot. But the water was salty and undrinkable. Athena stuck her spear into the bare gorge and out of the spot a plant sprouted, which immediately turned green - an olive tree. The winner was decided by a divine council that gave priority to Athena, and since then the olive has become a symbol of peace.

The olive tree (Olea europaea) is an evergreen tree of Mediterranean origin, but it is also grown in other parts of the world with a similar climate. Wild olive trees with thorny branches and small fruits grow in the Mediterranean area. Olive leaves are silvery, the flower is yellowish-white in color and has a pleasant smell, and the fruit is an oblong or round bean. An olive tree can live up to 2000 years. Precious olive oil is obtained from the fruits of the tame olive tree.

(Željka Šaravanja)